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Wednesday, July 9th, 2008
10:11 am - Hummingbird Feeders and Nectar: How to make your Hummingbirds Happy!
maska5060 Hummingbird Feeders and Nectar: How to make your Hummingbirds Happy!
 by: Sonia Schmieder
What do hummingbirds eat?
Hummingbirds are nectivores and insectivores; approximately 90% of their diet comes from nectar and 10% from arthropods (flies, wasps, spiders, beetles, and ants). If you watch closely, you will sometimes notice them picking insects out of spider webs or off leaves, bark, etc.
What is the composition of nectar?
The sugar in flower nectar is primarily sucrose, like that of white sugar. So don't use honey or artificial sweeteners (illogical says Spock, but some people do). Many of the flowers hummingbirds feed upon have a sugar concentration of approximately 20%.
How do I make my own nectar?
To imitate the natural flower sugar concentration of 20%, use a solution of 1:4. This won't give you an exact concentration of 20% because in reality sugar and water molecules have different atomic weights...yada yada yada...which means you can't simply divide to get your percentage by volume alone. Anyway, 1:4 will actually give you an 18.6% sugar concentration. Close enough, and the hummingbirds won't be saying, "Where's the other 1.4%?!"
As an example, you can mix 1 cup of sugar with 4 cups water. If you only have one feeder and don't want to store leftover mix (fresh is always better), then use 1/4 cup sugar to 1 cup of water.
What if I want to make the nectar stronger?
Well research has shown that when given the option, hummingbirds preferred higher concentrations of sugar in their nectar, up to 50%. But I would stick with 20%. It will be easier to keep your feeders clean which is essential. Feeders will be less sticky and the chance of the solution fermenting or growing fungus (mold) is less. The mold that grows in hummingbird feeders can give hummingbirds a fatal tongue infection.
What if I want to make the nectar weaker?
The more diluted the nectar, the more consumption of nectar is needed to satisfy a hummingbird's energy requirements. Weaker concentrations are less attractive to hummers & you'll find they may just stop coming to your feeder to find a better, concentrated source. So stick to 1:4.
What about adding red dye to my nectar to attract hummingbirds?
Not necessary. There still debating this one, but artificial colors may be harmful to hummingbirds. So don't add any. If you want to add some color to your feeder, use red ribbon or tape instead of dyes to attract them. Once hummingbirds start visiting, they'll know where to return and the extra color isn't needed.
How often should I clean my hummingbird feeder?
You should clean your feeders at least every 3 days in hot weather and 6-7 days in cool weather. Otherwise fermentation can occur and mold & bacteria will grow, which can be fatal to hummingbirds. In addition, hummers won't like the taste of the nectar & stop coming to your feeders.
Follow these steps to keep your hummingbird feeder clean and your hummingbirds healthy:
1. Empty reservoir and rinse in a mixture of hot water & vinegar
2. Add rock salt or uncooked rice grains to the rinse & shake to dislodge mold (black scum)
3. Empty feeder and rinse again thoroughly with hot water
4. If mold or any other residue remains, scrub with a toothbrush or bottle brush
5. Refill with nectar solution, hang feeder and enjoy!
Wishing you bird watching bliss!
Sonia
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Thursday, July 3rd, 2008
3:11 pm - Premium Dog Food
maska5060 Premium Dog Food
 by: L. D. Mairet
Is premium dog food better for your dog? Should you reach for the generic brand dog food to save money or spend a fortune on premium dog food to treat your dog right? With so many premium dog foods out there to choose from, how do you know which one is right for your dogs?
The answers are yes, no, and you don't have to choose anymore. Of course everyone wants the best for their dogs. Dogs are so popular these days, even the rich carry them around in designer made bags. Everyone reaches for the premium dog food that can afford it.
John Miller, professional dog fancier, has the secret to premium dog food. In fact, he has premium dog food down to a science with 245 recipes to tickle your dogs fancy. With all the unhealthy chemicals in commercial premium dog food formulas, John Miller, has created a new way to help keep your pet happy, and healthier longer. He has 50 years of experience in creating premium dog food recipes that big companies tried to pay $500,000 for his recipes and silence.
These are such great premium dog food recipes that even the rich and famous will be having their chef's serve up a platter for the dainty doggies! There are premium dog food recipes for young dogs, old dogs, fancy dog biscuits, dog bones, treats, and even recipes to keep the fleas away. He even has recipes for dog shampoo, dog safe insecticides, dog safe fertilizers, Skunk Odor Remover, and others.
The best part about all these premium dog food recipes is that they cost little to nothing to make them. John Miller also gives a guarantee that your dog will be healthier when implementing these recipes into their diet. It doesn't get any better than this.
If you want John Millers 245 premium dog food recipes then you need to check out his book 245 Recipes. I highly recommend this book for those dog lovers who truly know the importance of a healthy diet for their dogs.
Choosing a premium dog food can be a tough job for any pet owner. With John Miller's 245 premium dog food recipes that's a thing of the past. Get with the times, start feeding your dog's like the rich and famous for little to no money cost recipes. Check out his book now.
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Wednesday, June 18th, 2008
7:11 pm - Pet Rabbit Nutrition 101
maska5060 Pet Rabbit Nutrition 101
 by: Andrea Austin
One of the most important aspects of properly caring for your pet rabbit is providing him with a healthy, satisfying, and well-balanced diet. Fortunately, doing so is relatively easy, since there is general consensus about what is good for rabbits and a wide range of great food pellet options. Rabbits can also eat many of the fruits and veggies that you probably have on your dinner table every night (see below for recommendations and portions).
Hay
Hay is an essential component of a rabbit's healthy diet. One reason why is that feeding a rabbit hay on a daily basis seems to reduce rabbits tendencies to pull out and consume or chew on their own hair, which leads to (sometimes very dangerous) hairballs.
Buy high-quality leafy grass hay, timothy hay or clover hay. Avoid alfalfa hay, as it can sometimes be problematic and has been shown to increase the risk of bladder stones.
FRESH Water
Like all creatures, rabbits need fresh water in order to survive. Change water daily or at least every two days. When you change the water, also wash the water bottle or dish thoroughly to get rid of bacteria.
You may want to use a water bottle that can hang on a cage, as this can reduce the messiness factor. If you prefer to use a bowl, make sure it is sturdy and heavy enough so that your rabbit won't overturn it.
Yogurt?
Although it may sound funny, rabbits can actually benefit from yogurt just the same way that humans do. Yogurt is proven to reduce the bad bacteria in the body, balancing out the good bacteria in the process. Many pet rabbits seem to like yogurt and accept it as a part of a balanced daily diet.
Chew Toys
As you will quickly learn as a new rabbit owner, bunnies love to bite and chew on things. This is actually essential for good dental health, but the trick is to give them good substances to chew on so they won't be tempted to eat up your furniture or other, more dangerous substances, like wires or electrical cords.
A dog's chew toy (on the smaller side) can be a great alternative, one which most rabbits seem to enjoy a great deal. Two more natural options are a large bone from a piece of boiled meat, with the bone marrow taken out, or some apple tree branches (the twigs are great roughage and help keep the bunny's intestines clean).
Rabbits tend to be quite sensitive when it comes to changes in their diet or feeding schedule. In fact, if there is a sudden change or interruption, a rabbit may lose his appetite or become ill.
Therefore, it's important to be consistant. Establish a feeding routine that is easy for you to stick to each and every day. Set your timer and fix the feeding schedule into your own everyday routine. Make sure you have enough rabbit food (whether hay, pellets, veggies, etc.) on hand so that you don't run out unexpectedly.
Feeding your rabbit a consistent, balanced and healthy diet is one of the best ways to ensure that your pet has a long and happy life as your prized companion.
by Andrea Austin,
.rabbits-n-bunnies.com
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Monday, June 16th, 2008
11:11 am - Thrush Song Bird
maska5060 Thrush Song Bird
 by: Ryan Fyfe
Thrush are a group of small passerine birds that exist most commonly in the Old World. Most often Thrush are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores. Often thrush will feed from the ground. Thrush have also come to be known as song birds as they have many attractive songs.
Thrushes belong to the Family Turdidae which also includes: Yemen Thrush Olive Thrush Olivaceous Thrush Comoro Thrush Kurrichane Thrush African Thrush African Bare-eyed Thrush Grey-backed Thrush Tickell's Thrush Black-breasted Thrush Japanese Thrush White-collared Blackbird Ring Ouzel Grey-winged Blackbird Island Thrush Chestnut Thrush White-backed Thrush Grey-sided Thrush Eyebrowed Thrush Pale Thrush Brown-headed Thrush Izu Thrush Dark-throated thrush Black-throated Thrush Red-throated Thrush Redwing Song Thrush Chinese Thrush Mistle Thrush Red-legged Thrush Chiguanco Thrush Sooty Robin Great Thrush Black Robin Glossy-black Thrush Andean Slaty Thrush Eastern Slaty Thrush
Thrush are often found in open woods and land that is mostly cultivated over all of Europe and much of Asia. Many of the northern birds migrate south during the winter. Thrush can be both insectivoresand omnivores. omnivorous Thrushes are known for defending their food source against other thrushes in the winter months. Nesting in trees they lay several eggs in an organized cup shaped nest which is often lined with grass.

More and more - How To Clean A Bird Bath

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Sunday, July 9th, 2006
12:41 am - note for the mod

demonia
note for the modCollapse )

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Thursday, July 29th, 2004
11:52 pm - Viper Geckos

slizarus
Does anyone know of a local Breeder of Viper Geckos? (by local.. I mean just about anything from Mid to Southern California)

current mood: blah

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10:57 pm

dustwing
Heyas! I was looking around for advice on my beardies and I figured this would be the place to ask!
I'll post the question behind a cut just in case this is a breech of ettiqute (however that's spelled :p )

Read more...Collapse )

current mood: confused

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Sunday, July 25th, 2004
11:52 am - Boy, Is this journal Lively

slizarus
Well... Hmm.. Just in case anyone ever reads these I'll be here to post The turn out for the Street Fair In Bakersfield California.

The Al Robbins Chapter started to set up the display at 5:45 at that time only perhaps 2/3rds of the reptiles listed were set up.. during the entire show many more joined.

Tons of Red tails
3 Ball pythons
2 Carpet pythons
1 Rosy boa
1 Mexican Black King
2 Western Hognose
2 Gopher Snake
1 Burmese :)
2 Beardies
4 Rescued Leopards
1 western fence lizard
1 Corn Snake
1 Milk Snake
1 Sidewinder
(Well he wasn't part of the show.. but a keeper walked around with one around his neck.. in Blue eye no less.. it had no venom glands.. but imagine two 1" fangs in your arm.. the thing must have been through at least 20 sheds with all the rattles)
1 Nile Monitor
1 Frilled Dragon It displayed when it tried to scare off the monitor (placed a cage away)
1 Green Iggy 10 years old
1 Cuban Iggy 7-8 years old
1 Rhino Iggy 12 years old (wow.. someone who kept it since an IRBA show 12 years ago.. such a nice Rhino too.. wow)
1 Gator Skink
1 Pancake turtle
1 Linear albino Kingsnake

I brought the Burmese Python and one of the Bearded Dragons.

I was suprised to see no Chameleons, but then I doubt it would be easy to keep a chameleon from wilting/stressing out in the weather and with all the people.

We ended at 9:30, over the time we had many people come in and enjoy the displays.. I learned a lot about frilled dragons and rhino iguanas from their keepers. it was an awesome time, can't wait for the next one in August

Note on Links:

We have a Yahoo Group: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/swhs/
Kingsnake Forums: http://forums.kingsnake.com/forum.php?catid=104

and you can check out our website on the sidebar.

current mood: sleepy.. Haven't Slept

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Friday, January 2nd, 2004
7:44 pm - Hi everyone!
new_pain Hello there! I saw this community when I was checking for other users with similar interests as me, and this community is perfect! Herpetology has to be my all time favorite interest. I hope to be a Herpetologist some day.
Hope to become close to you all! I'll post soon! Good day!

~New_Pain.

current mood: chipper

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Wednesday, October 30th, 2002
10:26 pm - Russian Tortoise Questions

martemom
Hello everyone, I'm new here.

(sorry this is cross posted, I'm a little desparate)

I have a Russian tortoise (aka Horsfield's tortoise I think) and I've heard that tortoises should hibernate through the winter. I am wondering if any of you know how this should be done to a domesticated indoor tortoise. While he is indoors, he still slows down a lot in the winter and barely eats so I'm thinking that he should probably be in the dark in a box somewhere but I'm afraid I won't know when he wakes up and he'll starve.

Any advice or info would be much appreciated.

Thanks!

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Saturday, October 27th, 2001
11:02 am - Now a Community!

lawrax

The Southwestern Herpetologist's Society's Journal is now a Community!



It will be moderated by the LawRAX. So please join and help make this reptile and amphibian community truly successful!

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Friday, October 26th, 2001
1:56 pm - On a Different Track
Leslie Rink is a member of the Los Angeles Chapter of SWHS and also a member of the Opossum Society of the United States.

The Opossum Society has a great web site that offers a lot of information about possums, their habits, diet, what you should do if you see a possum and other information about these very misunderstood marsupials.

Check out the site. You won't be disappointed.

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Thursday, October 25th, 2001
10:42 am - International Reptile Breeders Association
For those of you who don't know, the International Reptile Breeders Association runs the largest sales shows on the West Coast.

Check out their web page.

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Wednesday, October 24th, 2001
2:04 pm - Pacific Northwest Herpetological Society
I would like to thank Fallenphoenix for letting me know about the Pacific Northwest Herpetological Society up in Wasington.

Everyone in that area should check 'em out!

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Monday, October 22nd, 2001
12:51 pm - Our Mailing List
A quick reminder:

SWHS has a mailing list to keep you up on its latest news.

You can find it at: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/swhs.

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12:47 pm - Interesting Web site
Surfing the web I have just found this site. It is an obvious one.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora -- http://www.cites.org/

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Friday, October 19th, 2001
12:17 pm - Herptiles of Coastal Southern California
A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Coastal Southern California has compiled a list of herptiles of the Southern California coast.

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12:14 pm
Welcome to the Southwestern Herpetologists Society's web log.

I will be posting news and other items of interest I find while surfing the web. One cool thing is that you will be able to comment on these items.

I hope that this will add some new and exciting interests to the SWHS web site!

Curt S. Steindler
webmaster
Southwestern Herpetologists Society

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